How soil is formed?


Soil is normally considered or called as it is the skin of the earth. It is mixture of minerals, organic matter, gases, liquids and countless organisms that together support life on earth. It is a natural body and is known as hydrosphere which has four important functions. Primarily acts as a medium through which plants grow, works as a means of water storage supply and purification, it is a modifier of earth’s atmosphere and habitat for organisms all of which in turn becomes a modified soil.

soil formation


The earth is a product of the climate’s influence, remedy, organisms and materials of its parent that engages in overtime. Actually, the development is done through certain processes such as physical, chemical and biological processes involving associated soil erosion(parent material). Most soils have dry bulk density while the density of particles is higher than the range.

Types of formation

The science of this land has two branches of study namely the first one is ed-apology and the second one is pedology. Some of the latest definition of soils includes sand free of organic substances, such as rocks formed on Mars and similar conditions of planetary deserts. An example of soil development begins with the weathering of lava flow rocks that produce a pure mineral-based matrix in which the texture of the soil is formed. It’s  development begins very rapidly or fiercely from bare rocks of recent flow in warm climatic conditions under heavy rains at frequent intervals.

soil layers

In the case of Plants are filled with water containing nutrients that carry dissolved minerals from rocks and are supported by porous rocks. The root of the developing plant is related to the substance and possesses the root of the plant. Such early stages of soil development are described with time. Early stages of such soil development are described in volcanoes and icebergs. Soil formation is usually based on five factors which are parent substance, climate, topography, living things and time.


Properties of soil are in order of decreasing importance of texture, structure, density, porosity, consistency, temperature and resistivity. Quality is determined by the relative proportions of the three type materials, which are sand, silt and clay. Density, especially bulk density, is a measure of compression. It consists of The porosity , ability of the soil to stick together. Temperature and color are self-defined.

 soil use


  • It has good fertility which is good for plants
  • Avoids logging of water
  • It can heat up very easily


  • Loamy soil is with large amount of contents, hence requires more water for plants
  • Clay soil when heated becomes very hard
  • Sandy soil is lack nutrients and requires plant supplements

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